Installing outdoor electrical lighting in your home serves a lot of purposes as it is beneficial in many ways.
Outdoor Electrical Lighting is installed in the home for security reasons; to wade off burglars and other trespassers from coming into your home.
It can also be used to light up your front door, to give illumination to the surroundings, prevent accidents whilst walking and avoid stepping on dangerous objects while outside the house.
Outdoor lighting in your home is also useful for aesthetics and to light up the exterior part of your home in situations where you have outdoor events.
Outdoor Electrical Wiring Above Ground
Keeping your outdoor electrical wiring above ground level is an important aspect of the process of installing outdoor electrical lighting. This is key to avoid damaging the cables as well as keeping the environment hazard-free.
Now, in keeping outdoor electrical wiring on the ground surface, above-ground conduits are used to route the wiring to keep it safe. This routing can be done from any location regardless of distance.
However, in running and safeguarding outdoor electrical wiring, the best way to keep it safe is by burying it beneath the earth to ensure safety.
How to do Outdoor Electrical Wiring
Running outdoor electrical wiring should most likely be left to professional electricians to undertake.
However, with the right tools and procedures in your hands, you can go ahead to do the installation. This is possible as much as you have the necessary permits and tools needed for the installation and running of the electrical connection.
To start with, you have to first determine the size of the electrical conductor as factors such as the maximum load needed, distance, and the type of connection it is would determine its size.
Afterwards, you are to pick a wiring method to use. There are a few of them, including the direct burying of cables under the soil, using PVC electrical pipe with conductors being fixed in the pipe, etc.
The next thing to do is to determine the maximum fill diameter of conductors for a given conduit diameter. After this, a trench should be dug into the earth where the PVC would be laid and kept safe.
The cable should however be supported in the trench using wood or any other material before the earth is plastered by concrete. And the advised cable to use in running your outdoor electrical connections is the “UF” cable.
How to Run Outdoor Electrical Wiring
Running outdoor electrical wiring has to do with passing cables for outdoor lighting.
The following steps can be taken to do this:
To start with, get an electrical permit that allows you to work on your home electrical connection. This should not be taken for granted.
Afterwards, put off the power in the house to ensure safety. Then go-ahead to drill a hole in the wall where the wiring would be running through and the lighting connection would be powered.
How to Keep Outdoor Electrical Connections Dry
An outdoor electrical connection that is not protected would be exposed to a lot of damage and moisture. It can also become corrosive.
The following can be done to keep an outdoor electrical connection dry.
To start with, you should create a power cord protection with the use of plastic containers.
Afterwards, you are to drill in holes at the edges of the plastic container which is big enough to fit in the connection wires but small enough so as not to allow moisture to seep in.
Then, go ahead to cut open the hole as required, insert the wiring connection cables and close it. The plastic container would shield the wiring connection from moisture and keep it dry.
It is important to note that you should never use metal tape for this.
How to Install Hardwired Outdoor Lighting
Outdoor lighting affords a house a lot of benefits, from its functional benefit of keeping the house secure to the aesthetic benefit of keeping it lit up.
Now, before installing hardwired outdoor lighting in a house, there are some safety precautions to take to prevent hazards while working or even afterwards.
To start with, ensure that the main power, as well as the breaker, is switched off in the house. Also, you should follow the relevant regulations in installing your hardwired outdoor lighting.
Now, follow these steps to install your hardwired outdoor electrical:
Start by drilling a hole in the wall where you want the light fitting to be. Then, put a plastic conduit inside the drilled hole and pass your cable through the plastic conduit. In doing this, make sure that your cable cores are connected to the right terminals within the unit to connect the cable core to its flex core.
It is also important to wrap the cable in PVC tape to keep it from damage before putting it into the plastic conduit in the drilled hole.
Afterwards, fix the light to your outer wall and apply silicone sealant to prevent moisture from seeping into the fixture. Then, run the light supply cable to a suitable place in the house.
You can then proceed to install a switch indoors which would be used to control the outdoor lighting. Next up is that you are to run a two-core-and-earth cable back to the position of the junction box.
Make sure that the power is off. You can confirm this with a voltage tester. Then, isolate the circuit and cut through the main circuit cable to appropriate connections in the junction box.
Finally, be aware that your outdoor lighting can be fixed on the exterior walls of your home. It is also advisable to use a Residual Current Device (RCD) so that in the event of a fault, the power will shut off immediately.
Waterproof Outdoor Electrical Connection
Waterproofing your outdoor electrical connection is a way to make sure that the connection is safe, kept away from damage, and secure.
When waterproofing your outdoor electrical connection, it is important to make sure that power is disconnected. Also, ensure that the electrical wiring is free from moisture and other external agents that could damage it.
There are various methods to use in waterproofing your outdoor electrical connection. But here, the method involving the use of liquid electrical tape would be explained.
Start by ensuring that the liquid electrical tape has been properly mixed. Then, use a brush to apply it to the exposed electrical connection.
The coat should be done at least two times, with 10 minutes between each coat. Allow it to get dry for about 4 hours, and there you have your outdoor electrical connection waterproof!
Installing outdoor lighting gives your house a new glow and serves functionality. While it is advisable that an expert helps you run your wiring and install the lighting, it would definitely be an easy ride when you have the right information and tools.
How to Install an Outdoor Electrical Box
In installing an outdoor electrical box, the following procedure can be followed:
To start with, you should plan the box location; this is where it would be placed in the exterior part of your house. After this first stage, you should ensure that you have the right tools to carry out the tasks.
Afterwards, turn off the power in the main switch, to avoid any safety hazard. You can use a voltage tester to verify this before you start working.
At the assigned box location, drill a hole through and shape out space where the box would be fixed in the drilled hole.
Then run the cable in the drilled hole and install the outdoor electrical box according to the electricity regulations for your city. Make sure to test the functionality of the installed box, and then you are good to go!
C&M Electrical Contractors offers electrical services within the sectors like domestic, industrial, and commercial across the midlands. If you are looking for electrical services at home or business then we have it all for you. All the electrical work is done by our highly trained professionals. Timely and quality service at the best price is what we deliver.